Follow-Up Career Stage Analyses of Applications Submitted During the Pandemic (Part 6)

Posted

Our series of blog posts on the distributions of gender and race of designated principal investigators (PIs) of R01 and RPG applications submitted before and after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic continues today. When looking back, posts from April 2022October 2021June 2021, and July 2020 did not show any particularly marked differences in the high-level demographics of designated PIs during the course of the pandemic.

In response to reader comments, we looked at applications broken down by career stage in June 2022. It was interesting to notice slowly increasing trends in the proportions of early stage investigator (ESI) applications submitted by women and by underrepresented minorities URMs. We repeat these career stage analyses here, specifically focusing on applications received between January 8 and September 7 in six consecutive years.

R01-equivalent applications received between January 8 and May 7 (Table 1) and May 8 and September 7 (Table 2) are shown below according to career stage. The data include both Type 1 new applications (de novo) and Type 2 renewal applications.

The number of applications received in both time frames in 2022 was less than 2021, potentially hinting that there may be a return to pre-pandemic application levels and more investigators being back in a physical workspace. The proportion of applications designating ESI PIs has trended upwards in the past six years, but the opposite has happened for other New Investigators who are not ESIs.

Table 1: R01-equivalent applications by Career Stage received between January 8 and May 7 in 6 consecutive years

Year Number ESI (%) NI Non-ESI (%) Experienced (%)
2017 11331 12.7 14.9 72.3
2018 12322 13.4 15.3 71.3
2019 12430 13 14.8 72.2
2020 12091 13.9 13.3 72.8
2021 12543 15.2 13.1 71.7
2022 11857 14.5 12.5 73.1

 

Table 2: R01-equivalent applications by Career Stage received between May 8 and September 7 in 6 consecutive years

Year Number ESI (%) NI Non-ESI (%) Experienced (%)
2017 12539 14.6 14.7 70.8
2018 12593 14.7 15.6 69.7
2019 13153 17.1 13.6 69.2
2020 14379 16.5 12.8 70.7
2021 13962 17.3 13.3 69.5
2022 12933 17.3 12.9 69.9

 

Let’s now focus on ESIs. The remaining data in this post represent only Type 1 applications. The proportion of applications designating male ESIs only is decreasing, while those designating only female ESIs is increasing.

 

Table 3: Type 1 R01-equivalent ESI applications by gender received between January 8 and May 7 in 6 consecutive years

Year Number All Men (%) All Women (%) Both (%) Unknown (%)
2017 1440 55.6 39.2 2.6 2.5
2018 1651 54.5 40.3 2.6 2.6
2019 1617 53.8 41.4 1.8 3
2020 1680 51.4 42.7 2.4 3.4
2021 1900 51.5 41.6 3.2 3.8
2022 1713 49.4 43.7 3 4

 

Table 4: Type 1 R01-equivalent ESI applications by gender received between May 8 and September 7 in 6 consecutive years

Year Number All Men (%) All Women (%) Both (%) Unknown (%)
2017 1828 57.8 36.3 2.6 3.3
2018 1850 55.8 39.5 2.1 2.7
2019 2248 55.3 39.7 1.5 3.5
2020 2364 52.8 41.6 1.7 3.8
2021 2410 50.5 43.9 1.8 3.8
2022 2234 49 43.9 2.3 4.8

Tables 5 and 6 continue to show increasing proportions of applications designating all underrepresented minority (URM) researchers.

 

Table 5: Type 1 R01-equivalent ESI applications by URM received between January 8 and May 7 in 6 consecutive years

Year Number All URM (%)1 All Not URM (%)2 Other (%)3
2017 1440 7.6 81.2 11.1
2018 1651 8.1 81.8 10.2
2019 1617 8.1 81.5 10.4
2020 1680 8 79.9 12.1
2021 1900 9.2 77.9 12.8
2022 1713 8.9 79.8 11.3

1 URM includes Black, American Indian, and Pacific Islander Race or Hispanic Ethnicity. All principal investigators had to be a URM.

2 Non-URM includes White or Asian Race and Non-Hispanic Ethnicity. All principal investigators had to be a Non-URM.

3 For “Non-URM Only,’ All other combinations including those with unknown/withheld race or ethnicity are considered as “Other.”

 

Table 6: Type 1 R01-equivalent ESI applications by URM received between May 8 and September 7 in 6 consecutive years

Year Number All URM(%) All Not URM(%) Other(%)
2017 1828 7.8 81.5 10.7
2018 1850 7.9 79.7 12.3
2019 2248 8.1 80.4 11.5
2020 2364 8.3 79.7 12
2021 2410 9.7 78.6 11.7
2022 2234 10.8 76.5 12.8

We are pleased to see the proportion of applications designating either female or URM early-stage investigators continue to increase. Please stay tuned as we continue to look at these application data to see how things change while we move into a new phase of the pandemic.

I am grateful to colleagues in the NIH Office of Extramural Research’s Division of Statistical Analysis and Reporting for help with these analyses.

Before submitting your comment, please review our blog comment policies.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.