We’ve recently issued an NIH Guide notice to clarify when a grantee should report papers as an output of their grant in their progress reports, and help reduce administrative burden for investigators.
Awardees are only required to report papers that directly arise from their award (such as authorship, consulting with authors, preparing manuscripts, and running analyses reported in the publication). In other cases, awardees have discretion in determining whether their contribution justifies claiming credit for such papers. If awardees do list a paper in section C.1 of an RPPR or a progress report publication list of a renewal application, then they are responsible for its compliance with the NIH public access policy.
This notice implements a general principle about reporting papers: credit and responsibility go together. If an awardee claims credit for a paper by reporting it as a product of their award, the awardee also assumes responsibility for ensuring that the paper complies with the public access policy. Of course, if an awardee is so disconnected from a paper that they are not in a position to ensure the paper is posted to PubMed Central, that awardee should not claim credit for the paper.
Awardees are not required to track or report publications if their only contribution to it is through shared resources. Instead, they can opt to list and/or summarize these publications in section B.2 of an RPPR, in the appropriate sharing plan (Data Sharing Plan, Genomic Data Sharing Plan, Model Organism Sharing Plan Resource Sharing Plan, etc.) of their competitive renewal application.
Want more details or examples? Please see the Guide notice. Want one link that will help you determine how to report a paper and bring it into compliance with the public access policy? See http://publicaccess.nih.gov/determine-applicability.htm.
NIH research is for everyone. Because of the hard work of our investigators and our partners in the publishing industry, over a million people access NIH papers and others on PubMed Central each day. We appreciate your efforts in making NIH-supported research publications accessible to all.